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  • Writer's pictureTexas Heroes Museum

Tales of Texas Heroes #1 - Our First Texas Heroes

Updated: Aug 15

This article is the first in a series about Texas Heroes. The articles are inspired by stories highlighted in the Texas Heroes Museum, located in the Fayette County Old Jail.

The first display visitors see when they enter the Texas Heroes Museum is about Moses Austin. In 1820, he traveled from Missouri to San Antonio to ask the Spanish Governor for permission to bring colonists. The Governor rejected the proposal. Moses then chanced to meet the Baron de Bastrop in one of the most famous turns of history in Texas. They had met 19 years earlier in New Orleans. They had not contacted each other during the interim, but the two recognized each other. Bastrop, a resident of San Antonio, was impressed with Austin’s colonization plan. The baron accompanied Moses to the governor’s office to request permission to establish the colony. On December 26, 1820, Governor Martinez endorsed and forwarded the plan to higher authority.

On January 17, 1821, the government of New Spain granted Moses Austin a permit to settle 300 families in Texas. This momentous agreement began the process of Anglo-American colonization in the future state. These 300 families are known as the “Old 300.”

Moses returned to his home in Missouri, but on the trip home he contracted pneumonia. He neglected his health and devoted all of his energies to the “Texas Venture.” Two days before he died, Moses called his wife to his bed. “After a considerable exertion to speak,” she wrote in one of the most famous letters in Texas history, Moses begged his son, Stephen F. Austin, to complete his project of colonizing Texas. Moses Austin died on June 10, 1821.

We consider the “Old 300” as the first group of Texas Heroes because of the sacrifices they made living in extremely harsh conditions. When the first settlers came to this land there was no Walmart; there was no HEB; there was not even a corner store. The Old 300 came with what would fit on a small wagon. They had to build their own shelters. They had to provide their own food and water. They worked in blazing heat and frigid cold without central air and heat. They might be killed by hostile Indians.

Some of these settlers could not endure the brutal conditions in this unsettled land. They abandoned their land and went back East where life was easier. But those who stayed… those who made the sacrifice of living in this Spartan environment… they are the people who made it easier for the next generation of Texas heroes.

Now take a moment to think about what Texas would be like if the Old 300 had all gone back East. What would Texas be like if Sam Houston had been defeated at San Jacinto? What would Texas be like if it had remained under the control of the dictator Santa Anna as a part of Mexico? What would Texas be like if it had not become part of the United States? Would Texas be different from Mexico?

Today we enjoy an easy life with many comforts. We should all appreciate the sacrifices that our ancestors made in creating this great country where life is good. One of the goals of the Texas Heroes Museum is to teach young people about how difficult it was for our ancestors to carve out homes in an inhospitable environment. These ancestors should be honored and respected.

Parents and grandparents: Tell your children and grandchildren about Texas Heroes Moses Austin, Stephen F. Austin, and the Old 300.

The Texas Heroes Museum is located in the Fayette County Old Jail, 171 S Main St, La Grange, Texas. Our mailing address is PO Box 1110, La Grange, TX 78945, and our email address is We have a Facebook page, The Texans in War Museum Association, DBA Texas Heroes Museum, is a non-profit, tax-exempt corporation, TIN 46-4084521, which makes your contributions tax-deductible to the extent allowed by law. We do not charge admission, but donations are appreciated and needed.

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